The Theory of Multiple Intelligences, by Howard Gardner, suggests there are
seven eight ways that people can be intelligent. (The 8th, Naturalist Intelligence, was added at a later date.)
Teachers need to be aware of these 8 categories so they can reach all learners. By recognizing, tapping into, and catering to all the intelligences students will be able to make connections across many dimensions.
Obviously, a single lesson probably cannot incorporate all 8 of these categories, but here they are for you to consider then next time you plan a lesson.
Linguistic Intelligence – This is your “Book Smart” or “Word Smart” learner. Your readers and writers.
Logical-Mathematical Intelligence – This is the student who is “Number Smart.” Loves math, thinks logically, recognizes patterns.
Interpersonal Intelligence – These folks are “People Smart.” They work well with others.
Intrapersonal Intelligence – This type of learner is what they call “Self Smart.” They are always in tune with their inner being.
Musical Intelligence – The performers, composers, and lovers of music….the “Music Smart”.
Spatial Intelligence – “Picture Smart” people. Also referred to as Visual-Spatial Intelligence.
Kinesthetic Intelligence – The learner who is “Body Smart” – Motor skills, coordination, athleticism
Naturalistic Intelligence – The “Nature Smart” individual who sees and values connections in the environment.