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The Last Hurrah: Text Structure Review

To go along with my Prezi, I decided to create mini-lessons for the five text structures.

The plan was to spend one day on each, using the Prezi as an intro, taking notes in the Text Structure Flip Book I created, and then doing corresponding activities.

The activities took me a little longer than five days but ended up making a great unit.

I used many of the graphic organizers from a PDF I found online (Comprehension and Text Structure Graphic Organizers)

I also used many of the nonfiction reading selections from www.readworks.org.

Here are some highlights from each mini-lesson.

Descriptive

Students used a graphic organizer that really helped them think spatially as they described our classroom. I gave students the option of describing their bedroom if they wanted to.

Students completed this graphic organizer in class and then had to write their paragraph for homework.

Students completed this graphic organizer in class and then had to write their paragraph for homework.

 

Compare and Contrast

For this lesson students rotated in groups to three different stations. Each station had a nonfiction selection from ReadWorks.org.  I picked a variety of Lexiles and highlighted some text features like footnotes, headings, bold words, and captions.

At each station they had to record three details showing similarities and differences.

Overhead view of one group working hard on their graphic organizer.  I have no idea why a protractor was involved in this lesson.

Overhead view of one group working hard on their graphic organizer. I have no idea why a protractor was involved in this lesson.

I used the questions that come with the selections the following day as a review of test taking strategies on the SMART Board.

Cause and Effect

I used the cards and activity that begins on page 29.  I cut the cards and students picked one from the bag. They then wrote their “cause” statement on their paper. I played some music and students walked around until the music stopped. They plopped down and wrote one “effect” on the paper.  We repeated this process about 5 or 6 times and each time the students had to read all of the effects listed and come up with something different.  I loved the creativity of some of their responses and they loved walking around and writing on their classmates papers.

Cause and Effect cards pg. 30

Sequence or Process Writing

For sequence writing, I used three nonfiction selections spread out over a few days. We completed these individually just like we would the OAA – I read the directions and questions, they read the selection, and I repeated the directions (per their IEP accommodations).  This provided some practice and forced them to pay attention to detail and read headings.

sequence pg 57

Students used this organizer to write a paragraph about their morning routine.

Problem and Solution

I turned this mini-lesson into a speaking/listening/social skills lesson where students had to rotate with small groups to 6 different “problems.” For each problem they had to come up with a good solution and they had to use a signal word from the list on the Prezi in their response.   After reading some of their solutions, I realized we needed to work on some of our social skills so I will be coming back to this activity later this week.

Prob-Solution2

At least they said “please.”

Prob-Solution1

I was happy to see the vocabulary word “protest” in one of the solutions.

"You just suck it up and eat it"  is actually the best response.

“You just suck it up and eat it” is actually the best response.

The final activity was a matching activity and part of the PDF file.

Students can cut and paste and submit for a grade or they can just match them up on the table.

Students can cut and paste and submit for a grade or they can just match them up on the table.

Wow! That is a lot of information.  I hope I provided enough information to show the variety of the lessons.  The last thing I wanted to do was bore them with a bunch of worksheets but with the OAA coming up tomorrow I wanted to be sure to cover a lot.

And on THAT note….I should probably wrap this up and relax a little before the fun starts tomorrow! If you happen to be in Ohio, or are taking any sort of achievement tests this week….Good luck!  It’s all downhill from here!

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7 responses

  1. Bookmarking this:)!!! Excellent ideas. Hoping I can fit them in before our test season begins in exactly one month!!!!!

    1. Thank you! Be sure to check out my Prezi page for other lessons you may find useful. A whole month longer to go?!?! Oh my….I can’t imagine.

  2. Hey Melanie! I love this entire lesson/unit. Now that state testing is done I’m going to use it all, and fine tune it for next year! You are inspiring! Um…..what’s in the bag that goes with the flip book lesson?? Did I miss the list of situations somewhere? Do I actually have to think of some on my own? JUST KIDDING! Lol!

    I’ve given your name out to some of my friends on Edmodo, raving about your ideas. 🙂 Quinn

    1. What a great idea to practice and tweak for next year. I will have the same students so I am going to have to create another lesson for them to do next year.

      For the compare and contrast I put seemingly random pairs of items on slips of paper and threw them in a brown lunch bag…ladder/stairs, watermelon/egg, teacher/iPhone, cheetah/race car, elephant/mouse, etc. For the cause and effect activity I used the cards in that large PDF file (am example of which is pictured here).

    2. P.s. Thanks for passing my blog info along to others!! 🙂

  3. EXCELLENT way to approach this difficult unit! I’m going to use this series of lessons next year when I teach text structure! I will say that I put some of the FCRR activities in stations, but I really like the way you used them!!! Thank you for sharing! BTW, my friend (my school’s literacy coach), aka “Dinosaur,” is reading your blog. She actually sent this post to all of us!!! Word of your greatness is spreading, my friend! 🙂

    1. You have no idea how much your comments made me smile. You knew just what I needed to hear today! Thank you!!

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